Chile's pension system created under the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet - AFP, Administradoras de Fondo de Pensiones - forces people into poverty once they retire, although this does not apply to the whole population. Policemen are able to retire at 48 years of age and receive an average of 750000 CLP (935 pounds, a bit more than 1000 euros) per month. The rest of the population gets an average of 140000 CLP (175 pounds or a bit more than 200 euros) per month and cannot retire until their 60s. Chile is one of the most expensive countries in South and Central America. Throughout 2016 and 2017, public mass demonstrations were held in Chile's main cities.
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